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After successfully completing the CAT 2016 sprint series, we are back with the SNAP 2016 sprint preparation series – Reasoning 10 to boost your prep. This series consisted of 10 sets of questions from past year SNAP papers, leading to SNAP 2016 and covered almost all the question types that you needed to know come the 18th of December.

# SNAP 2016 sprint preparation series – Reasoning 10

1. In 2002, according to a news poll, 36% of the voters had leaning towards party “Y”.In 2004, this figure rose to 46%. But in another survey the percentage was down to 40%. Therefore, the party “Z” is likely to win the next election. Which of the following, if true, would seriously weaken the above conclusion?

a. People tend to switch their votes at the last minute.
b. It has been showed that 85% of the voters belonging to the party “Y” vote in an election as compared to 80% of the voters belonging to party “Z”.
c. 35% of people favour party “Z”.
d. No one can predict how people will vote

2. Inflation rose by 5% over the second quarter, by 4% during the first quarter and higher than 3% recorded during the same time last year. However, the higher price index did not seem to alarm National Stock Index as stock prices remained steady. Which of the following, if true, could explain the reaction of National Stock Index?

a. RBI announced that it will take necessary corrective measures
b. Stock prices were steady because of a fear that inflation would continue
c. Economists warned that inflation would continue
d. Much of the quarterly increase in the price level was due to a summer drought effect on food price.

3. Pick up the appropriate analogy.
Birth : Dirge

a. Sunset : Sunrise
b. Security check : Arrival
c. Marriage : Alimony
d. Welcome address : Vote of thanks

4. Beautiful beaches attract people, no doubt about it. Just look at this city’s beautiful beaches, which are among the most overcrowded beaches in the state.

Which of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning most similar to the one exhibited in the argument above?

a. Moose and bear usually appear at the same drinking hole at the same time of day. Therefore, moose and bear must grow thirsty at about the same time
b. Children who are scolded severely tend to misbehave more often than other children. Hence if a child is not scolded severely that child is less likely to misbehave
c. This software programme helps increase the work efficiency of its users. As a result, these users have more free time for other activities
d. During warm weather my dog suffers from fleas more than during cooler weather.Therefore, fleas must thrive in a warm environment

5. No national productivity measures are available for underground industries that may exist but remain unreported. On the other hand, at least some industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists are included in national productivity measures.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

a. there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries
b. no industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists operate underground
c. there are at least some industries other than those run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries
d. there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are not underground industries

6. Nilu has never received a violation from the Federal Aviation Administration during her 16-year flying career. Nilu must be a great pilot.

Which of the following can be said about the reasoning above?

a. The definitions of the terms create ambiguity
b. The argument uses circular reasoning
c. The argument is built upon hidden assumptions
d. The argument works by analogy

7. Many people argue that the death penalty deters murder. However, the notorious killer Tom Hanks deliberately moved to a state that imposes the death penalty just before embarking on a series of ferocious murders. Thus, it seems clear that the existence of the death penalty does not serve as a deterrent to murder.

The argument above may best be characterized as:

a. an appeal to emotion.
b. a flawed analogy
c. a general conclusion based on a specific example
d. circular reasoning

8. What number should replace the question mark?

a. 1
b. 4
c. 12
d. 6

9. The fewer restrictions there are on the advertising of legal services, the more lawyers there are who advertise their services, and the lawyers who advertise a specific service usually charge less for that service than lawyers who do not advertise. Therefore if the state removes any of its current restrictions, such as the one against advertisements that do not specify fee arrangements, overall consumer legal costs will be lower than if the state retains its current restrictions.

If the statements above are true, which of the following must be true?

a. Some lawyers who now advertise will charge more for specific services if they do not have to specify fee arrangements in the advertisements.
b. More consumers will use legal services if there are fewer restrictions on the advertising of legal services.
c. If the restrictions against advertisements that do not specify fee arrangements is removed, more lawyers will advertise their services
d. If more lawyers advertise lower prices for specific services, some lawyers who do not advertise will also charge less than they currently charge for those services.

10. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument concerning overall consumer legal costs?

a. The state is unlikely to remove all of the restrictions that apply solely to the advertising of legal services
b. Lawyers who do not advertise generally provide legal services of the same quality as those provided by lawyers who do advertise
c. Most lawyers who now specify fee arrangements in their advertisements would continue to do so even in the specification were not required
d. Most lawyers who advertise specific services do not lower their fees for those services when they begin to advertise

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Solutions

1. Option c tells us exactly why Z will not win the election. All the other options are gibberish and irrelevant to the discussion.

2. Option d gives a reason as to why the NSE need not be worried about the situation.

3. It is the relationship between the beginning and the end of an event in one’s life. So, option c fits best in this context.

4. Option d. The argument moves from specific to general which is exhibited best in this statement.

5. Option d.

6. Option c. The assumption here is that if she hasn’t received a violation, she has to be a great pilot.

7. Option c.

8. The middle bubble is half the sum of all the other elements of the row. Option d.

9. Option c.

10. Option d breaks the link between advertising and lowering of fees.

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You can follow the entire sprint series here: SNAP 2016 Sprint Preparation Series by Learningroots

Also, you can check out all the articles under the series by going to this page: SNAP 2016 Sprint Preparation Series Timetable

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