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After successfully completing the CAT 2016 sprint series, we are back with the SNAP 2016 sprint preparation series – Reasoning 2 to boost your prep. This will continue for the last 10 days leading to SNAP 2016 and will cover almost all the question types that you need to know come the 18th of December.

# SNAP 2016 sprint preparation series – Reasoning 2

1In a school drill, a number of children are asked to stand in a circle. They are evenly spaced and the 6th child is diametrically opposite the 16th child. How many children are made to stand in the circle?

a. 16
b. 20
c. 22
d. None of these

2. In this question insert the missing number at the question mark

 8 4 9 5 5 7 3 4 3 4 5 8 39 44 60 ?

a. 62
b. 72
c. 60
d. 70

3. Steel cylinders are made so that each one has a large and small hole through the middle. In the drawing six cylinders have been stacked on top of each other. To stop the cylinders from rolling on the smooth floor they are wedged by heavy blocks at each side of bottom row. If the heavy blocks are removed what would be the position of the cylinder when they stopped rolling?

a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D

Directions for questions 4 to 6: Answer the following questions based on the information given below.

1. There is a group of 5 persons A, B, C, D and E
2. In the  group there is one badminton player, one chess player and one tennis player
3. A and D are unmarried ladies and they do not play any games
4. No lady is a chess player or a badminton player
5. There is a married couple in the group of which E is the husband.
6. B is the brother of C and is neither a chess player nor a tennis player

4. Which of the groups has only ladies?

a. ABC
b. BCD
c. CDE
d. None of the above

5. Who is the tennis player?

a. B
b. C
c. D
d. E

6.Who is the wife of E?

a. A
b. B
c. D
d. None of the above

7. Consider the following statements and answer the question.

M, N, O and P are all different individuals. M is the daughter of N. N is the son of O. O is the father of P. Which among the following statements is contradictory to above premises?

a. P is the father of M
b. O has three children.
c. M has one brother
d. M is the granddaughter of O.

8. The drawing shows a cross section where the land meets the sea. The section covered is 5 kilometers. On a hot day, in which direction, indicated by four arrows, is the wind most likely to blow?

a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D

Directions for question 9 and 10. Answer the following questions based on the information given below.

In the diagram below, the circle stands for ‘educated’, square stands for ‘hard working’, triangle for ‘urban people’ and rectangle for ‘honest’. The different regions of the diagram are numbered from 1 to 12. Study the diagram carefully and answer the questions:

9. Uneducated urban hard-working and honest people are indicated by:

a. 3
b. 11
c. 9
d. 4

10. Non-urban educated people who are neither hard-working nor honest are indicated by:

a. 5
b. 7
c. 10
d. 11

11. Beautiful beaches attract people, no doubt about that. Just look at the city’s most beautiful beaches, which are amongst the most overcrowded places in the state.Which of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning similar to the one exhibited in the argument above?

a. Moose and bear usually appear at the same drinking hole at the same time of the day. Therefore, moose and bear must be feeling thirsty at about the same time.
b. Children who are scolded severely tend to misbehave more often than other children. Hence if a child is not scolded severely, that child is less likely to misbehave.
c. During warm weather my dog suffers more fleas than during cool weather. Therefore, fleas must thrive in a warm environment.
d. Tally accounting software helps increase the work efficiency of its users. As a result, these users have more time for other activities.

12. Abdul, Mala and Chetan went bird watching. Each of them saw one bird that none of the others did. Each pair saw one bird that the third did not. And one bird was seen by all three. Of the birds Abdul saw, two were yellow. Of the birds Mala saw, three were yellow. Of the birds Chetan saw, four were yellow. How many yellow birds were seen in all? How many non-yellow birds were seen in all?

a. 7 yellow birds and 3 non yellow birds
b. 5 yellow birds and 2 non yellow birds
c. 4 yellow birds and 2 non yellow birds
d. 3 yellow birds and 2 non yellow birds

13.In each of the following two sets (I & II), find the word or pair of words different from the other three words or pair of words:

I:
J. Lake
K. Brook
L. Stream
M. River

II:
J. Weighty-Heavy
K. Broad-Wide
L. Big-Large
M. Tiny-Small

a. I-J, II-J
b. I-K, II-M
c. I-K, II-J
d. I-J, II-K

14. A, B, C and D are standing on the four corners of a square field as shown in the figure. From the positions shown in the figure, A walks to North position and B walks to the East position while C decides to walk two sides in anticlockwise direction. B walks to North and then changes his mind to take the previous position. Identify the choice with correct positions.

a. A & B occupy the same position
b. C & D occupy the same position
c. D & B are in their original positions
d. B & C are diagonally opposite positions.

15. A gambler bet on a horse race, but the bookie wouldn’t tell him the results of the race. The bookie gave clues as to how the five horses finished – which may have included some ties – and wouldn’t pay the gambler off unless the gambler could determine how the five horses finished based on the following clues:

• Penn Fe finished before Night Marvel and after Wish Bones
• If Hallelujah is not tied with Sundae, then Wish Bones is tied with Penn Fe
• Penn Fe finished as many places after Sundae as Sundae finished after Wish Bones if and only if Wish Bones finished before Night Marvel

The gambler thought for a moment, then answered correctly. How did the five horses finish the race?

a. Sundae came in first. Wish Bones and Hallelujah tied for second place. Penn Fe came in fourth. Night Marvel came in fifth.
b. Wish Bones came in first. Sundae and Penn Fe tied for second place. Hallelujah came in fourth. Night Marvel came in fifth.
c. Wish Bones came in first. Sundae and Hallelujah tied for second place. Penn Fe came in fourth. Night Marvel came in fifth.
d. Penn Fe came in first. Night Marvel and Hallelujah tied for second place. Wish Bones came in fourth. Sundae came in fifth.

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Solutions:

1. Consider smaller circles. In a 6 member circle, 1 faces 4, 2 faces 5, 3 faces 6 and so on. In an 8 member circle, 1 faces 5, 2 faces 6, 3 faces 7 and 4 faces 8. So, 1 will face n/2 + 1, 2 will face n/2 + 2 and so on. 6 will face n/2 + 6 which is 16 and so, n = 20. Option b.

2. (8+5)*3=39, (4+7)*4=44 and so on. So, (5+4)*8=72. Option b.

3. As the half with the smaller hole is the heavier part, it will rest as shown in option c.

4. A, C and D are the ladies and so, none is correct. Option d.

5. C is the tennis player. Option b.

6. C is the wife of E. Option d.

7. Only option a contradicts. Option d is true and options b and c cannot be said to be entirely false.

8. On a hot day, the air over the sea will have more water vapour and so, will be denser. So, the wind will blow from the sea to the land. So, option d.

9. Region 4 combines all the qualities. Option d.

10. Region 7 is the correct representation of the criteria. Option b.

11. The statement is in the form of a generalization based on a one off observation. Option c is the closest to this representation.

12. Option b is correct. Let the unique birds be a, b and c. Let the common birds between 2 be d, e and f. Let the bird seen by all be g. You will get 4 birds for each person. Using the colour criteria, we can get the status of each bird.

13. I-J (Lake is stagnant, all others flow), II-J (All others are comparison of dimensions). Option a.

14. Only option d is correct.

15. Option c is the correct order. Statement 2 is wrong and so, Sundae and Hallelujah would be tied in the second place.

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You can follow the entire sprint series here: SNAP 2016 Sprint Preparation Series by Learningroots

Also, you can check out all the articles under the series by going to this page: SNAP 2016 Sprint Preparation Series Timetable

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