We will be covering commonly found grammar traps in this article. These will help you crack sentence correction questions. Be a grammar wizard!

Tip 73: Future perfect tense is used in the form of ‘will + have + past participle of the verb’ and indicates an event that will have been completed at a future point in time. Example: He will have finished his homework by the time I reach home.

Tip 74: Future progressive tense is used when an activity would be going on at a future point in time. The construct is ‘will + be + present participle of a verb’. Example: He will be travelling when I reach home.

Tip 75: No sooner is always completed using a ‘than’ in the second part of the sentence. Example: No sooner had I stepped out, than it started raining.

Tip 76: When the sentence starts with a negative correlative, there should be a helping verb (do, does, did, etc.) before the subject is entered. Example: Hardly had he stepped out when it started raining.

Tip 77: Before, after, when, while, till are not followed by a verb when they indicate a future event. Example: Before it gets dark, she would have reached home (Correct) Before it would get dark, she would have reached home. (Incorrect)

Tip 78: Until conveys an element of time (before a certain event happened) and unless conveys a condition (before certain additional information was provided). Example: Buzz believed he was the actual Lightyear until he saw the commercial on television. I will not be able to answer your question unless you teach me the topic.

Tip 79: Since always tells the starting point of an event that has been continuing till the present whereas For tells us the duration for which the event has been continuing till the present moment. Example: Since his childhood, Bob has been a brilliant student. He has been the president of the club for the last ten years now.

Tip 80: On suggests contact with another entity. Over indicates some gap between the entity and the one beneath. Example: Place the books on the shelf. The plane went over the sea.

Tip 81: When describing an activity carried on by different groups, the second person (you) should come before the third person (he/she/it) which in turn should come before the first person (I). Example: You, She and I should go to Spain once. The secret of this recipe lies between you and me. He is taller than I.

Tip 82: To understand the difference between who and whom, substitute the word by either he/she and him/her and see which one works the best. Example: He who laughs last laughs best. (Cover the ‘who’ and replace it by a ‘he’ and a ‘him’. He laughs vs. Him laughs should reveal it to you which one is the better choice – ‘He’ in this case and so, ‘Who’)

Tip 83: Due to/caused by cannot be used to start a sentence. Example: Due to extremely unavoidable circumstances, the lecture has been called off today. (Incorrect usage)

Tip 84: Verbs pertaining to parallel ideas or the parallel ideas themselves that are conveyed in a sentence should follow the same tense throughout. Example: He enjoys running, playing video games and collecting stamps. (Correct usage) He enjoys running, playing video games and to collect stamps. (Incorrect usage)

Suggested reading: Grammar traps 1, Grammar traps 2, Grammar traps 3, Grammar traps 4, Grammar traps 5, Grammar traps 6.

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